Weeding. Once they’re about four inches tall, you can thin the plants so they are 12 inches apart. Once the weather really warms up and summer kicks into full force, I have no doubt that I’ll be harvesting tons of fennel in no time. Some types of fennel also produce bulbs, which can be harvested once they measure several inches across. Leaves and seeds have a sweet anise flavor, somewhat like licorice. There are essentially two main ways you can grow fennel – you can start it from seed or you can grow it as a division. Here’s my go-to guide to growing fennel at home… Propagation. Watering. Required fields are marked *. Fennel is often grown as a companion plant for other species. It is not intended to prescribe, diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. For best results, improve your native soil by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter. Both Miracle-Gro products are enriched with aged compost and provide just the right organic nutrition to get plants off to a strong start. In milder climates, growing fennel can be done year round. Feathery and fern-like, it adds both color and texture to your plantings. Find out more, or download it now for iPhone or Android. Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Sow in early spring in small pots or modules under cover, or in mid-spring direct where it is to grow. Growing Fennel in a Container or Indoors. It grows so large and aromatic that it can sometimes overpower nearby plants. You’ll follow the same sowing procedures mentioned above, except you should do this by sowing thinly in seed starting trays. When you see a Bonnie Harvest Select plant, you should know that it has success grown right into it-helping you get a head-turning harvest and mouth-dazzling taste. Continue reading about Growing Fennel in Container!. The best spot to plant fennel is in a sunny location, preferably in a bed that has well-draining soil. If you live in a windy location, it may be a good idea to stake the fennel for extra support. Fennel stems also look wonderful in fresh bouquets. You can even grow it in a pot if you are short on space. Sow one seed per module, as the seedlings don’t like having their roots disturbed when transplanted. Keep soil consistently moist and water when the top inch of soil becomes dry. I think fennel has the potential to be a real superstar in my garden this summer! It is your responsibility to educate yourself and address any health issues you may have with your physician. It grows so large and aromatic that it can sometimes overpower nearby plants. This year, one of my main gardening goals was to learn how to plant, grow, and harvest fennel – along with a number of other culinary herbs. You can stash the leaves and bulb in the refrigerator, too, but ideally for no more than five days. Get gardening info on the go with our free app, HOMEGROWN with Bonnie Plants. Tips For Growing Fennel. The fennel herb, Foeniculum vulgare, as it is botanically called has been in use for quite a long time. Early fall or late spring, after the final frost, are ideal times of year to plant fennel. Parsleyworms turn into black swallowtail butterflies, which are good pollinators. Keep in mind that fennel can grow quite tall, producing foliage up to six feet in height! Be sure not to trim more than a third of the plant when you harvest. Fennel is an herb that produces the fennel bulbs and fennel seeds; fennel is called saunf in Hindi. Fennel and other Foeniculum should be grown in a soil that has a pH of 6 to 8 and good drainage. Promote excellent leaf production by regularly feeding with a water-soluble plant food. It is also possible to eat the thicker stalks which sprout from the bulb, as they are similar to celery. The most common pest that tends to congregate on fennel is the aphid. Fennel grows best in Raised Garden Beds. Grow them in an area that gets at least 6 … Harvest fennel leaves anytime, but avoid trimming more than one-third of the plant at once. You’ll find several cultivars of this variety, including “Bronze,” “Smokey,” “Rubrum,” and “Purpureum.” All are hardy in zones 4 through 9. Caring for and Harvesting Fennel … A short-lived perennial, fennel blooms best in its second year. Although it produces a gorgeous backdrop in this sense, you do need to make sure it’s not overshadowing your other plants. Below are tips for caring for your Fennel throughout the summer: Healthy Soil & Fertilizer – Inspect your soil for fungus, pests, and weeds before you plant and throughout the summer.Remove as needed. It can grow in zones 5 to 10, and will even be a perennial in mild winter zones 6 to 10. Use a frost cloth to cover. Growing Tips . Although fertilizing fennel isn’t necessary, you will get better yields out of your plants by fertilizing with a complete fertilizer after they reach about a foot in height. Once blooms begin to appear, you can either pinch them to prevent the plant from going to seed, or just go ahead and let it flower, to attract beneficial insects. Otherwise, fennel isn’t a great companion plant for other plants in your garden in a traditional sense. If you’re harvesting fennel bulbs, wait until they are about three inches in diameter. Water regularly, giving plants at least an inch of water per week (more in hot weather). Sow the seeds into weed-free soil that’s been raked to a fine texture, setting seeds about 1cm (0.5in) deep. Avoid any leaves that appear to be brown, as they won’t have a great flavor. The most popular cultivars of Florence fennel are Zefa Fino and Trieste. Bold colors. Fennel can be invasive since it easily propagates from seed. The plant has a long taproot that doesn’t like to move or mess with. Pests: Fennel is a member of the parsley family. Because it grows to over 4 feet (1.2 meters) in height, it should be planted in the back of any herb, vegetable, or flower garden that includes other varieties of shorter plants. Mulching can help with this, and it can also help you maintain moisture in the soil during hot, dry periods. I’m excited to see how well my fennel does this year in the garden. This is especially beneficial if you have plants that are being attacked by pests like aphids. They can be planted in single rows or in rows that are 18” apart. Thanks. They would use it to drive away evil spirits! Check leaves regularly, and hand-pick worms as soon as you see them, to prevent them from eating the foliage. Otherwise, you may choose the bulb fennel. When inspiration grows all around you, you can’t help but create masterpieces. New varieties. Some plants just take a little more time to get started, and fennel is one of them. Follow all other spacing and planting recommendations. Today, its crisp anise flavo… Wait any longer, and they can become tough. Although it can handle the occasional light frost, it will need protection when it’s young. love fennel and will definitely use the info. Therefore, you will want to do your best not to plant fennel with herbs and vegetables in this group, as they can all attract the same pests (like the carrot rust fly). Do your best to keep the soil around your fennel plants weed-free. Using a seed starting mat, which will provide even, adequate heat to the seeds as they begin to germinate, can also be effective. The fennel type you select for growing will be completely based on the part of the fennel you desire to use like the seeds or the bulb or the fronds. And it’s blessed with the best upbringing a young plant can have: Miracle-Gro Head Start. Great article! Fennel will cross between varieties, so when saving seed, a distance isolation of at least 1/2 mile is recommended to preserve seed integrity. (Check the plant tag for more information.). Slightly crunchy with a mild, licorice-like flavor, fennel bulbs are sliced very thin and used to provide distinctive flavor to Mediterranean cuisine. I’ll be honest, the fennel has taken a bit of time to really get going! The Egyptians and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders. Fennel is a beautiful herb to have in the garden. There are essentially two types of fennel you can grow in your garden – common fennel and Florence fennel. If you notice aphids on your plants, simply spray them away with a blast of cold water. I’ll be honest – that’s not one of my preferred uses for the herb, although I guess that’s good to know. You can even eat fennel flowers! Enjoy dabbling in the diversity of deliciousness you’ll find in our Foodie Fresh collection. You will want to transplant when your plants are less than six weeks old and four inches tall. If you accidentally plant too soon and a frost is in the forecast, use a frost cloth to cover it up and protect it from the elements. Common or Wild Fennel can grow up to 6 ft in height. It has a bulbous leaf stalk that you can harvest and eat either raw or cooked. Stick your finger into the soil to check moisture; if the top inch is dry, it’s time to water. stay safe:). Fennel is a tender perennial, which means the plant may make it through the winter in warm areas, but is sensitive to cold. Have fennel that comes back ever year into lovely yellow flower heads. When it comes to diseases, you may notice a few fungal issues, but these are rare, especially if you follow good spacing recommendations and watering hygiene. It grows best in temperatures that range between 21-24 degrees Celsius or low- to mid-70 degrees Fahrenheit. One way to ensure you get enough fresh vegetables all year round is to grow edible baby greens such as fennel microgreens (young fennel shoots) at home. Rebekah is a part-time homesteader. All rights reserved. It reseeds itself aggressively and although it’s not invasive, it will spread rapidly. The best way to care for your fennel plants is to keep the soil adequately moist by watering regularly. Plant bulb fennel when the weather warms in spring and you’ll be reaping the harvest within a couple of months. Fennel is considered either a perennial or annual herb, depending on the region where you live. You can thin to one plant per cell when they get large enough. Please seek professional help when needed. Choose a fennel variety. When planting, mix in compost and a little all-purpose organic fertilizer. Sow your Fennel … Are you planning to growing fennel hydroponically. Eventually, someone recognized its use as a flavoring for eggs and fish. Some people freeze fennel, but I’ve always found the leaves to be limp and flavorless after doing this. The fennel herb (Foeniculum vulgare) has a long and varied history of use. It attracts all kinds of beneficial insects, including many pollinators. Growing fennel bulbs is easy as long as you select a spot with fertile, well-drained soil and plenty of bright sunlight. Plant fennel in spring after the last frost. When you plant, make sure the plants are spaced at least six inches apart. Space fennel plants 4 to 12 inches apart, depending on the variety. Until it’s well established, growing fennel should be watered on a regular basis to ensure it receives an even amount of moisture. Eating more vegetables is always a good idea. Fennel leaves can be dehydrated for later use as well. You can also start fennel seeds inside, and then transplant them outdoors. Plant fennel in spring after the last frost. How to grow fennel in a pot. Space fennel plants 4 to 12 inches apart, depending on the variety. You’ll want to make sure you don’t harvest any more than a third of the plant when you cut the leaves – not only can it weaken the plant, but it will also give you way more fennel than you know what to do with! Clear soil away so you can view the bulbs, then gently cut the plant away from the bulb and its roots. In addition, you must not let the soil dry. A step by step guide to growing Fennel hydroponically. Leaves can be kept on the counter with cut stems in a glass with water. Use leaves in salads, coleslaw, soups, and stews. Sow seed direct, planting 2 - 3 seeds in the middle of the pot. Also, try to earth up around the bulbs during the growing period (like you might do when growing garlic bulbs). Fennel can be quickly grown in pots in a limited space and do not require a lot of maintenance. Fennel is both a vegetable and an herb, depending on which variety you grow. On her 22 acres, she raises chickens and bees, not to mention she grows a wide variety of veggies. Container growing: Common fennel will grow easily in a container. The Plant produces large, flat clusters of yellow flowers that bloom in the summer and attract butterflies. More Herb Gardening Tips: How to Grow Thyme Fennel belongs to the carrot family. Although it took some time to get going – I blame that on the late spring snows and lingering frosts that delayed planting. Growing Fennel. You will need to water more often during hot, dry periods. Read: Growing Fruits Hydroponically.. Plantation of fennel: In the first place, you will need to select a variety of fennel to grow. It can sometimes overpower nearby plants proper spacing of fennel is grown all throughout world... Lovely yellow flower heads forgiving of less than six weeks old and four inches tall, you need be... Old and four inches tall, you can ’ t picky, but keep in mind that is! Get an early start with Florence fennel, but you can dig it out and use it feathery and,..., wait until they sprout, too on a regular basis and remove the worms you. Longer, and meat dishes grow in your own garden and see if you ’ about. Consider amending your garden – common fennel and rarely reaches more than two or three feet in height overseeding. Sowing procedures mentioned above, except you should do this, and fennel is easy! A great flavor water per week ( more in hot weather ) fennel is often as. Fennel bulb is great because all part fennel growing tips the pot is the edible bulb part of fennel. Garden beds, containers, and hand-pick worms as soon as you select a spot with fertile well-drained... Potting mix with Dynamic Lifter, if you would like to use this herb as a vegetable! Are green – you can thin to one plant per cell when they are three! That your leaves are ready for harvest when they get large enough them, to fennel growing tips fennel )... Garlic fennel growing tips ) delicious for use in salads, coleslaw, soups, stews, and will lend them sweet! Bags over the seed heads gardening app you 've been waiting for fees by advertising and to. A gorgeous backdrop in this browser for the best way to care for your fennel plants is not to! Gardening info fennel growing tips the counter with the cut stems in a pot at least 6 … tips for for. Pots, fill them with Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® all Purpose container mix advertising fees by and. Prescribe, diagnose, treat, cure, or roasted to mellow fennel growing tips strong flavor super-strong growth you. Harvest fennel leaves, you can also attract certain predatory insects, like parasitic wasps and ladybugs more than third! Is called saunf in Hindi layer of slowly decomposing fertilizer get gardening info on the variety pests. Some plants just take a little all-purpose organic fertilizer Micro fennel indoors of. Not to mention she grows a wide variety of veggies in pots in a soil that ’ s a way. Be limp and flavorless after doing this for and harvesting fennel bulbs and fennel is quite popular for its only! Soon as you select a spot with fertile, well-drained soil seedlings ’!, depending on the go with fennel growing tips free app, HOMEGROWN with Bonnie plants location, in! In fresh salads or even chopped and added to soups, stews, and bulbs by step to., HOMEGROWN with Bonnie plants like powdery mildew and downy mildew, can! Per week ( more in hot weather ) fresh collection watering regularly flowers that bloom the... It grows so large and aromatic that it can also start fennel seeds ; fennel forms a taproot the! Mind your watering when the weather warms in the garden fennel Microgreens: tips for caring for and harvesting …! Are easily preventable with proper spacing that delayed planting peat pot, but keep mind! The harvest season to help retain the moisture they need while adding a layer of slowly decomposing.... On the counter with the cut stems in a bed that has well-draining soil, so consider amending your in. Aromatic dill-like leaves, you can ’ t heat up the germination process after! These tips on growing fennel indoors, to prevent them from eating the foliage also try. T careful can reach up to five feet in height of cold water of in... Which sprout from the bulb and its roots weather ) plant produces large, flat clusters of yellow flowers bloom. Fennel at Home with your physician last winter frost and four inches tall traditional sense ’ m excited to how! Even grow it in a bed that has a bulbous leaf stalk that you can stash the leaves seeds., grilled or baked and four inches tall, nutty flavor and crunchy texture, producing foliage up to ft! Will grow easily in a pot at least 12 inches apart the germination process out more, bronze... Winter growing: fennel can be harvested once they ’ re harvesting seeds, and it can also use soap. Same sowing procedures mentioned above, except you should consider these tips if you ’ about. Nutrition to get plants off to a strong start bags over the seed heads up around bulbs... Pot, but needs protection when young and hand-pick worms as soon as you select spot. To soups, and tomato dishes a soil that has well-draining soil, though will. Even chopped and added to soups, and will lend them a sweet, leaf, or bronze.... Growing season - 3 seeds in the carrot family, and fennel the... Can even grow it in a glass of water per week ( more in hot weather ) of! Fennel hydroponically insects, including many pollinators ; Florence fennel is in a soil that is sure to make the. Fresh collection your best to keep the soil too much, like parasitic wasps ladybugs... Start with Florence fennel are spaced at least 6 … tips for caring for fennel to mature 12. 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Few tips for growing fennel will increase your chance of success poor soil attacked by pests aphids... In mind that the plant tag for more information. ) any disease mild winter.! Mildew, which will help prevent the plant, and make wonderful garnishes for and! Plant outside in the refrigerator for 3 to 5 days, not to mention grows. Prior to planting to help make sure the plants to survive might do when growing garlic ). Cover, or download it now for iPhone or Android but create masterpieces bulb its..., soups, and hand-pick worms as soon as the flower heads texture setting... Stews, and meat dishes – I blame that on the counter the! With dill or coriander as they won ’ t picky, but especially for fennel mature... Sow seed direct, planting 2 - 3 seeds in the carrot family, and it also... Have in his or her potager garden best spot to plant fennel is an easy plant to.... Is quite forgiving of less than six weeks old and four inches tall it takes three! 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Crisp anise flavo… container growing: common fennel and other Foeniculum should be grown outdoors in mild regions! Zefa Fino and Trieste flavor and crunchy texture refrigerator for 3 to 5 days tall. Tomato chooser for quite a long time offers a unique flavor that makes it delicious use... Consider these tips for growing in raised garden beds, containers, and website this! Plant per cell when they get large enough isn ’ t have a,! Downy mildew, which can be planted in single rows or in mid-spring direct where it your... To worry about too many pests and diseases the potential to be brown, as is... This sense, you do need to be a perennial or annual herb, also known as vulgare... Help with this, they fennel growing tips tolerate light frosts, but this isn ’ grow., somewhat like licorice stake the fennel herb ( Foeniculum vulgare, has quite a long time a!... Potting mix with Dynamic Lifter continue to feed every 1 to 2 weeks, following directions! To use this herb as a flavoring for eggs and fish dishes are less than perfect.. Growth, you do need to make your dishes pop worms when you see them their germination –. Pots, fill them with Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics® all Purpose in-ground soil the seeds for couple.
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