Results per page. His love passed into her body. Located on the west bank of the Nile, opposite the city of Luxor (ancient Thebes), Hatshepsutâs temple is part of the Theban Necropolis. Discover secret-built mortuary temple of Hatshepsut Facts, architecture, inside, plan, location and more. During that time, the first level boasted exotic trees and shrubbery like Frankincense from Hatshepsutâs trading expeditions to the land of Punt (Punt is likely Ethiopia, Eritrea or northern Somalia today). Among these, the mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut (1479-1458 BCE) at Deir el-Bahri stands out as one of the most impressive. Senenmut modeled it carefully on that of Mentuhotep II but took every aspect of the earlier building and made it larger, longer, and more elaborate. Related Content She ruled through the 18th Dynasty from 1490 to 1460 BCE. What remains today beneath the cliffs of Deir El-Bahari is an effort of painstaking construction undertaken by the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. It was a completely innovative concept in that it would serve as both tomb and temple. The entire structure was designed to blend organically with the surrounding landscape and the towering cliffs and was the most striking tomb complex raised in Upper Egypt and the most elaborate created since the Old Kingdom. Leading up to the temple is a 100 foot causeway that in ancient Egyptian times was probably lined with sphinxes. He then backdated his reign to the death of his father and Hatshepsut's accomplishments as pharaoh were ascribed to him. Portrait of Queen Hatshepsutby Rob Koopman (CC BY-SA). The design of the temple is based on the concept of Classical Architecture (A style of Architecture driven from Greek & Roman origin). There is evidence that she commissioned military expeditions early on and she certainly kept the army at peak efficiency but, for the most part, her time as pharaoh is characterized by successful trade, a booming economy, and her many public works projects which employed laborers from across the nation. Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis (UNESCO/TBS) Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Three Daughters. Hatshepsut, an admirer of Mentuhotep II’s temple had her own designed to mirror it but on a much grander scale and, just in case anyone should miss the comparison, ordered it built right next to the older temple. The Temple of Hatshepsut is not only a memorial temple that honors Queen Hatshepsut, it is also one of the greatest Egyptian architectural achievements. Enormous statues of Hatshepsut made up the outlying columns, with octagonal shaped columns along the inside. On the right side of the ramp leading to the third level was the Birth Colonnade, and on the left the Punt Colonnade. At either end of the second level colonnade were two temples: The Temple of Anubis to the north and The Temple of Hathor to the south. This would indicate that he did not harbor Hatshepsut any ill will personally but was attempting to eradicate any overt evidence of a strong female pharaoh. Thutmose III had replaced her images with his own, buried her statues, and built his own mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri in between Hatshepsut’s and Mentuhotep II’s. To erase one’s name on earth was to condemn that person to non-existence. In ancient Egyptian belief, one needed to be remembered in order to continue one’s eternal journey in the afterlife. Hatshepsut’s name remained unknown for the rest of Egypt’s history and up until the mid-19th century CE. Hatshepsut Temple History the Largest Funerary Temples In Deir el Bahri Luxor Egypt.. e='' By the time of Akhenaten, Hatshepsut had been forgotten. the temple of Queen Hatshepsut became a real engineering marvel of the ancient builders. Although later Egyptian rulers did not know her name, her mortuary temple and other monuments preserved her legacy. The design of the temple is based on the concept of Classical Architecture (A style of Architecture driven from Greek & Roman origin). It took 15 years to complete. From the third level (which is off limits to the public) a doorway leads to two chapels, one dedicated to the Royal cult, and the other dedicated to the solar cult. His work was built upon by his sometimes-colleague-sometimes-rival, the French philologist and scholar Jean-Francois Champollion (1790-1832 CE). Discover secret-built mortuary temple of Hatshepsut Facts, architecture, inside, plan, location and more. This temple is a true gem. Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker. The most vital duty of the pharaoh was the maintenance of ma’at and honoring the traditions of the past was a part of this in that it maintained balance and social stability. >>: I can't think of a more dramatic environment for architecture. In keeping with Egyptian royal tradition, Thutmose II was married to Hatshepsut at some point before she was 20 years old. Deir el Bahri was an Arabic name meaning ‘the place of the northern monastery’, where Montuhotep I, the great unifier of Egypt, built his mortuary temple. A colonnade existed with square pillars that were home to many intricate and exquisite reliefs. Cite this page Hatshepsut temple is about 17 miles northwest of Luxor on the western side of the great capital of Egypt in the new Kingdom Thebes.It was designed by Hatshepsut’s chancellor Senenmut in 1479 BC and took 15 years to construct. f='Contact' As a woman in a position of power, Hatshepsut had a special relationship with the goddess Hathor and invoked her often. Regardless, Senenmut’s final product was an impressive monument that allowed the posthumous worship of Hatshepsut, and conveyed the greatness of … Daily by distance (km) 1 km 3 km 6 km 9 km. What remains today beneath the cliffs of Deir El-Bahari is an effort of painstaking construction undertaken by the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. b='info' Hatshepsut temple in Deir el Bahri is one of the most famous mortuary temples, not only of the New Kingdom, but of the History of Egypt Mystery Of HistoryEgypt TravelAncient ArchitectureTravel … Books Other monuments such as Karnak or the Pyramids are awe inspiring however, this temple is striking in that it is just over b+='@' Mortuary Temple and Large Kneeling Statue of Hatshepsut, c. 1479-58 B.C.E., New Kingdom, Egypt. Professor of Philosophy at the foot of the most striking ancient attractions in all of Egypt s! The far left ) first female king in the history of the wreckage near her at. 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